Articles related to Lamar Villere, Tennessee Consolidated Retirement System, private equity, TCRS, investment, pension funds, Phil Bredesen, Canaan Partners, Bain Capital, David Lillard, state government
LaunchTN CEO agrees it'd be great to have more data and analyses about all this.
Gov. Bill Haslam delivers his State of the State Address this evening.
[updated] 2016 rocks with appealing events statewide.
New entity focuses on "underserved" small and medium-sized businesses.
A tech-savvy chief executive lays-out what he sees as some hard truths.
Research and services for VNC Members and prospective Members focused on Nashville and the Mid-South.
Tennessee Technology Development Corporation (TTDC), aka Launch Tennessee, fills posts.
New NTC CEO and Health IT strategy coming, VC motives, Noro-Moseley exec, Women Angels coalesce and more.
Speakers ahead and a Nashville startup joins Louisville healthcare accelerator.
VTC In prospect: Deeper market penetration and more capital somewhere over the horizon.
Nashville gradually moving toward becoming true Music innovation-investment nexus?
Seeking to anchor Music in the education agenda, the industry has business issues, as well.
VTC Germ-fighting fabric ready for market in September.
VTC Innovation seeds begin sprouting, as first startups recruited.
Managing General Partners gives fresh view of region's Healthcare sector.
Chairman/CEO says company can be in Top 10 ranks nationally by EOY16.
This roundup features Amplion, HCCA, CouncilCapital, John Murdock, Joe Kustelski, Proton and more.
[updated] TN's pro-entrepreneurship legislation, a $4MM JourneyPure raise, and more.
[updated] Treading carefully to 'get program right', industry aims for step-by-step progress.
[updated] Entrepreneur says he knows his limits, wants assistive-device mission to succeed.
Year-round push involves Google for Entrepreneurs and Village Capital.
[updated] North Carolina-based entrepreneur and scholar begins work April 1.
Within Haslam Cabinet, ECD Commissioner shapes policy-program options for Chief.
CEO plants flag in Music City for expanding content category.
TNInvestco, Bill Frist, Accolade, eClinic, Clayton Associates, Pharos Capital, Infusense, Celgentek and more.
Here's an update on salient capital raises and related.
Treasurer and CIO elevate former Avondale analyst, Owen grad.
[Updated] Partnership would support a network of investors and entrepreneurs.
[updated] Even terrorism and immigration issues may affect performance monitoring.
[updated] Strategic buys, if any, would follow organic growth and await sector consolidation.
Initiatives complement Rural EDev Task Force and operate under Fund umbrella.
Three leaders' separate comments illuminate a common thread of concern.
Alexia Poe, established as a fixture in Tennessee policy circles at a young age, moves on.
[Updated] Too many Rural communities are not sharing in Tennessee's economic momentum, they say.
Questions about institutional GPs' reporting get fresh attention in some quarters.
[updated] Moving cautiously, CEO Bryan Huddleston preps for increased NTC influence.
Two VCs and allied institutions seek your opinions on state's entrepreneurial ecosystem.
[updated] Local bootstrapped startup is on high-growth trajectory.
[updated] Having raised $10.5MM in Angel capital, CEO says the company had room negotiate with VC
Entrepreneur Center collaborates with publishing group to enter new accelerator vertical
While managing dozens of his own plays, he tied-up with Bay Area group.
Iconic Nashville tech company seems to be plumping for a strategic move
Kecia Ray says she is the first e.Republic exec dedicated entirely to CDE advancement.
[Updated with IDS sale] California Corrections confirms major edtech contract for early-stage company.
With the closing of its Fund IV, Frontier activity here may rise.
[updated] Financing spurs Type 2 diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver programs
Steve Case, Jim Lackey, Sal Novin, Marc Guthrie, PE gig -- and the late Dave Chapman.
[update] The vast potential of the global IoT market has many players in a virtual land rush.
Bio veteran Jim Monsor leads pilot effort to deepen TN's startup resources
Co-founder says Seed money seems more likely to come for the Coast.
Bootstrapping event may be about to get a reboot.
Exec sees new digs, job growth, sales - plus cultural + media challenges.
Entrepreneurship, events and attracting capital may have revved-up. Tech transfer? Not so much.
VTC Accelerator's regional mission to be continued after 3 years at Tullahoma.
David Trainer says distortions in financial reporting are often overlooked, to investors' detriment.
[updated] Though relo'd from Nashville to Portland, CEO keeps eye on Nashville.
Founder on a mission sees world of opportunity, with a dash of charlatanism, here and there.
Steady-as-she-goes seems to be the watchboard at cautious, high-performing pension plan.
The small NTC must weigh carefully its forays into State and Federal policy-shaping.
Student engagement for colleges and universities is the focal-point of this startup.
[updated] Litigation, uncertainty over INCITE funding, turnover and more.
Execs from Digital Reasoning, Rustici and State Economic Development are highlighted.
With Blackstone and Goldman Sachs aboard, entrepreneur sees further expansion locally.
[Updated 5 March] This entrant to the red-hot sector is banking on rapid B2B growth.
A keen observer of America's startup and Venture landscape took a few minutes with VNC.
VTC: Commissioner Julius Johnson and a team including Memphis BioWorks will press forward.
$300K Seed raise could target Angels in Cincinnati, as well as Tennessee
[Updated] Private equity firm with $200MM capital managed, seeks to increase its opportunities
AGC could be active in a dozen or more states by mid-2015, CEO says
DRS's passage via the New York City Fintech accelerator was apparently right step.
Updates on Endorsee, Sagents, Tandum, EO Nashville, PBM365, Back Porch Group, Exile.
[Yes is answer] Might JSF become a single-vertical startup accelerator? TN HiMSS unveils new program identity.
HFCP is a familiar name to Emdeon, Amsurg, Sedgwick and others in the region.
Canadian company takes minority stake, co-founder former Gov. Phil Bredesen remains significant shareholder
VTC Casey Casterline and Jon Katz keep in touch with Memphis, but focus on Manhattan
VTC Dough Speight seems headed toward the QC FinTech Accelerator
[updated] 20-year-old entrepreneur surrounded by quite a roster of investors, advisors
Here are the nine 2014 Jumpstart Foundry graduates and their capital goals.
Relocated New Yorker says Nashville and SEC territory are prime sector launchpads
New Jersey-based engagement and loyalty company says Healthcare may become its sole focus.
Entrepreneurial Nashville physician, a strategic advisor and a startup CTO rally Seed investors
Despite deep financial experience, CEO has taken deliberate steps to ensure startup success
TCRS PE program seems to be maintaining its investment pace.
[updated] Serial media entrepreneur Dan Hammond knows way 'round venture kitchen.
Capital vs Culture may be the main event when entrepreneurs, investors go head to head
Index delivers composite image of state's economic development, innovation status
[Charts added] Following VNC's report on the ITIF report today, LaunchTN responded.
The state retirement fund's venture capital allocations seem to be gaining momentum
ACG shares its criteria and recent portfolio additions
President James Stover says company has good talks with potential strategic partners
VTC President James Stover says company has good talks with potential strategic partners
[updated] Smart money and a long-standing interest in matching natural ability and career paths produce an edventure.
There's a venture element to extending the life and footprint of iconic Nashville businesses.
[update 15 May 2015] Hal Andrews new CEO. A company drawn here by the healthcare magnet gets a new leader.
A well-connected management team has savvy onboard.
[Updated 24 July 2014] Entrepreneurial venture apparently ceased operations.
The real test may be a $10MM capital round not so far away.
Chief Investment Officer Michael Brakebill reiterates his open-door policy
[updated] Crews PE role formalized after months as interim at TCRS.
The EC revs its engine to create a platoon of change agents
VC opens new chapter amid a climate of lingering dread and anticipation
TTDC now seems to be fully staffed to further pro-venture programs
Founder Holland provides update for Bullpen & Solidus-backed venture
Key investment and legislative issues could get a new advocate, after simmering years
Tech-driven civics venture could mean high-growth jobs for Tennessee, or not
A former Jacobson associate, TNInvestco's and others in social media, healthcare and transport secxtors
[Updated] Agilum, fka Anthem Health Intelligence, updated its $5.5MM capital raise.
Galen, VentureIncite, LaunchTN, Dobie Media, FamilyVenture Management and more
There are other shoes to drop at Care Technology, but today's is a good start
ECD's more robust reporting site provides easier access to TNInvestco filings
Long-rumored 'for sale', ENA and CEO of 10 years open new chapter
Fred Goad, Eric Satz, Beth Seigenthaler: entrepreneurs older and newer are hard at-work
One of 10 TNInvestco's is now being led by a VU/Princeton product
A pension-fund program underway three years takes another step forward
Family-backed VC gets traction, Nashville's OZ, kaffee-powered social venture
Another bet in medical devices is m ade by Jacobson-led venture firm
Tractor Supply, AmSurg, Regal Entertainment and 7 other TN companies will present
This private-equity firm attracted out-of-state institutionals to its $222MM fund VI
There are some new faces among the 'usual suspects' applying at INCITE Fund
[EMIDS update Dec. 5, 2013] Maybe it's time to focus on something more than our reported shortage of coders
A leading private-equity executive puts the Ideas spotlight on an overlooked group
Briefings on the state's new regional business accelerators' mission and how to work with them.
IDEAS begins with straight talk from the VU campus about Nashville's IT challenges and opportunities
The state's retirement system advances toward the half-billion dollar level in private-equity commitments
Rick Glanz exits in a big way, via a stealthily formed buyer backed by biggies
It's not Facebook, but this would-be OTC stock affords a clear look at startup options
Tech-driven economic development will eventually learn what priority it gets in the Haslam Administration
[updated] High Net Worth (HNW) individuals and their data-buried advisors are targeted
Case Foundation CEO Jean Case joined StartupTN CEO Michael Burcham and others for anniversary observances
The NBIC is seriously considering creating a new facility and/or relocating from its 10th Ave spot
Ryan Gooch moves on to EnerNOC, and the Senator's son and others pick-up added duties
Updated: Rock Morphis and David McClellan are adding tons of dry powder to their healthcare venture arsenal.
Scrutiny of entrepreneurs has increased mightily and this Clayton Associates affiliate presses onward raising capital
Technology that 'puts the music business in a box' is the opening entry from this startup
Now a Delaware company, CCG looks to diversify offerings and targets platform growth, including M&A
A steady stream of commitments, often made to familiar names, continues, with results not yet due
Jozef Nuyens and partners plant a venture flag in Tennessee, and demonstrate broader reach
Rising interest in metals, natural gas and other energy assets is the driver in Denham's current multi-billion dollar fundraise
VC and industry veteran Mike Sherman will leave work, starting with Spine Wave
[Updated] Martin Companies leads round, Boston-based CEO says startup is getting traction
This Massachusetts fund is partial to Internet plays and other technologies.
Just days after parent HIG added to its management team, Tri-Star reports it has begun one of Tennessee's larger recent fund raises
Veterans of private equity and operations offer new access to venture assets to families with capital to manage for potential greater returns
Hudsmith's HP-allied startup executes on its telemedicine strategy for seniors aging-in-place
State ECD issued draft guidelines for Gov. Haslam's INCITE Co-Investment Fund managed by TTDC
University aims to allow all interested students access to business and social entrepreneurship curricula
Milestone events, capital raises, a whiskey resurrected, and local venture news recapped.
Gov. Haslam's ECD commissioner has a growing list of to-do's, including an international trade portfolio
A Harvard-based economist tells local execs clusters and pragmatism are key elements for a Nashville innovation strategy
Investors are busily putting capital into ventures young and older, in Chattanooga, Oak Ridge and elsewhere
Larry Foster's been nursing this idea for improving surgi-team proficiency for years; the iPad made it possible
Executive transitions, capital raises, alliances and innovations.
Bottorff-, Gambill-led firm is amassing quite a healthcare brain trust
As widely anticipated, the Feds came through with $29.7MM in funding for Gov. Bill Haslam's innovation-breeding program
Nashville leader says the sometimes controversial program is 'worthwhile experiment' in jobs creation.
Five more updates from a VCs, an entrepreneur, a couple of developers and a bizdev pro.
EDO Interactive proves it can keep raking-in the venture bucks. No word on how much will go to marketing and how much, if any, is for recap.
To be the seat of innovation in healthcare delivery, Nashville must attract new capital and novel ideas
Strategy and financing now inplace, HealthTeacher may have graduated to growth-company status
Nashville VC's Oak Ridge affiliate has focused one of its startups on commercializing 'the Moses effect'
Five ventures are updated, some raising millions, others bootstrapping, none waiting for others to make it real.
Entrepreneurs and business owners up for some 'brutal honesty' might check out these new Tennessee-backed institutional investors.
He took a break after his successful exit from Investment Scorecard, now he's pushing his startup toward deeper waters
Financing the deal conferees make a point about telling Nashville's story, again.
Governor addresses fast-growth sector; d
etails of venture funding, entrepreneur award and tech-transfer still unfolding
Speaker Harwell's tech agenda.. Schulz on ECD strategy.. new TN tech jobs.. Chattanooga Ventures.. Dream CS, DigiChart and more..
This economic-development lender is deepening its footprint statewide
With Gov. Bill Haslam's jobs- and innovation-producing strategy launching next week, the appointment of a seasoned operative is welcomed
With EPB, Renaissance Fund and other alliles, River City takes another step toward its 'Smart City' closeup
Leveraging personal networks, two entrepreneurs look for things bigger companies should sell.
Angels' hopes take wing, but it remains to be seen whether the General Assembly answers the call
[Updated] Fueled by assets of the pension fund for State employees, the TCRS private-equity program advances
McWhorter's team will field up to a dozen startups per year, once the season begins
Get that extra cup o' coffee, you'll need it for news from McWhorter, Council Ventures, Vaden Landers and more.
Former Bredesen aide and Haslam supporter starts independent communications practice
Legislators make an energy-tech 'grab', plus venture events and training and more statewide.
The TNInvestco data has been published, with no interpretation of value yet rendered
Law firm broadens its already sizeable footprint, plants flag in dealing with early-stage ventures
VU porfolio co goes elsewhere, TNInvestco company, startup ecosystem spreads, PdCamp, ORNL, MyOutdoorTV and more
Our latest roundup of VU searches, capital raises, marketing pushes, digital music, tech commercialization and more
[updated] Tech-sales leader joins private-equity backed firm with announced M&A ambitions
New ECD appointee, TNInvestco clone idea, updates on Silicon Ranch, JumpStart, Bizen, entrepreneurship and much more
New chair at lifesciences association..Parental Health update.. Bredesen aide moves.. Silicon Ranch and Venture Incite add staff.. PE investors disappear after liquidation.. bio-entrepreneurs..more
Vanguard's Martin, Community Health's Smith among those signing-on to to drive outcomes, drive down costs.
Lots of stuff bubbling-up from Genera, Skoodat, Satz (at left), plus the Cable and Broadcast folks, and more.
With a century or more of collective healthcare and investment experience, this savvy alliance seems to be positioning for the post-Reform reality check
In a jobs-, economy- and budget-oriented era of challenges, the next Tennessee governor has chosen a private-equity fellow for a linchpin role
Entrepreneurs are commercializing sensor technology that leverages the ecosystem.
Latest health data entry aims to help providers determine demand for services and facilities.
News and notes from around Tennessee on science, technology, innovation and related policy.
Visionary who's been called 'center of gravity of the Internet' is also creating a stir in Tennessee
Nashville and Tennessee are quickly becoming year-round innovation venues, as this sampling of events makes clear
With the end of the Bredesen Administration in sight, the Administration is entrusting its regional exchange initiative to a tech talent
With its third announcement and fifth assignment, the State's retirement plan advances toward its $800MM-plus investment goal
Nashville and Tennessee VCs sound-off on new seed-stage investment model, with concerns and some things they like
Lynch cites workforce challenges and the need for more collaboration throughout the region as essential to lift Nashville from lower tier of life-science centers
Shifts in command, marketing duties may add momentum in company now backed by entrepreneur with deepest pockets
A stalemate on reform of healthcare policy and reimbursements may provide stability that will embolden fence-sitters
If the IPO door is still barely cracked, maybe some portfolio managers will find these alternatives attractive
Tech economic development group also funds entrepreneurs network and appoints vice chairperson as it heads into legislative fray
Gov. Phil Bredesen's string of successes in the Solar sector continues to lengthen
Some believe the General Assembly should next move to increase the TNInvestco pot to $200 million
Some believe the General Assembly should next move to increase the TNInvestco pot to $200 million
For perhaps the next six months, the pace of development of Tennessee's emerging New Economy will be largely in the hands of elected officials
Developers may think they're only toiling in obscurity, but they may well be under the observant eye of local VCs and Angels
[updated] HealthStream co-founder's latest technology play aims to awaken sleeping value in medical niche
New 12-story tower will crown Nashville Convention Center. That's Crow Holdings' Bill Winsor at left.
Well connected Sand Hill firm gets nod, as State pension fund continues implementation of first-year investments
At the midpoint in Gov. Bredesen's second term, he's not letting-up on the accelerator for New Economy jobs
$120MM program should inject more than $80MM into seed- and early-stage companies in Tennessee over next few years
Warning TNInvestco's not enough, TTDC hopes to keep its mission alive, maybe by spinning-off new ventures
Today's announcement is further evidence of the attraction of healthcare-savvy investors to health IT, wherever it resides
Tennessee Technology Development Corp. faces the proverbial 'Valley of Death' in its own funding, and looks to the Bredesen Administration for a liferope
PE-backed HMS acquires technology from undisclosed company, aims to leverage Stimulus funding for further momentum
Updates on 20-firm TNInvestco roster, TBA board members, Healthways' strategic hire, Bill Frist, Entrepreneurs deadline, StartupWeekend, Universal Robotics, Barcamp
A VU MBA alum happens to be on the team out of New York State interviewing would-be fund managers
Dave Jaworski has his hands in at least three new ventures, and is out on the money trail again, undeterred
[Updated] Case for discounting Emdeon stock doesn't rule-out the company's acquiring transformative assets, to be more than a middleman
[Updated] With the VC filing deadline just 13 days away, one administrator of the state's new capital-formation program is impressed with the calibre of prospective fund managers
Nashville's chief investment officer is working to improve further the benefits fund's performance, while mitigating pressure for additional Metro contributions to pay for benefits for retired employees
Departing exec says she sought 'sense of urgency', while interim chairman says he hopes TBA will find 'someone like Leslie' to help group become 'more relevant'
Heavy-hitters among the threesome of fund managers chosen to handle the state's inaugural PE investments
Some are shoppers, some are bidders, some are there to keep an eye on others...and some are committed to vying for TNInvestco certification
A company with a timely mission gains a veteran of Nashville healthcare ventures, as the nation's focus on cancer intensifies
Those who would be fund managers in the state's new program are taking a close look at the groundrules and the competition
A Brentwood firm in turnaround mode several years is now controlled by a Chicago private-equity player
Much anticipated guidance for VCs and private-equity investors is likely to galvanize Tennessee fund managers
The governor's signature will soon be affixed to the State's new venture law, but already there are hundreds of new jobs on the horizon
[Updated 5:52 p.m.] The TNSBICCA passed in both House and Senate today, and will next go to Gov. Bredesen. The Senate vote was 30-0. It passed in the full House this morning, 94-0, and in Senate Finance this afternoon 9-0-1PNV. The insurance industry provides the leverage for this economic development and venture-funding move.
There's a job open at Video Gaming Technologies, where entrepreneur is investing $100MM
CEO says despite growth, the specter of failed implementations by any vendors 'keeps him up at night'
Jacobson's new digs, Universal Robotics' placement, WSJ taps local analysts, Solidus' stake, antitrust cautions and more...
Digital Reasoning, tech transfer, Metro development, Innotec, nTelagent, Memphis venture forum, ICA, M&A, bankruptcies and more...
Legislators want to demonstrate support for smaller ventures, advocates say the CAPCO model has been improved since early adopters found serious flaws
In another push for success, two Euro execs say $20MM will put their innovation over the top
Goad reported suing former TVA director, Petra and Innova invest, $20MM the number for startup, tech transfer event, views on IPO climate...
Rapidly growing e-mail campaigner buys into firm with messaging savvy and its own budding international following
The state's new private-equity director debuts and a VC panel gets the lowdown on controversial venture-funding proposal
[updated] Bracing for 'intense shakeout' and scouting for talent, company now counts HCA, Lifepoint among its clients, playing the upside among distressed properties
A dust-up avoided, the state's venture-capital firms announce they're no longer concerned about certain changes in taxbreak provisions affecting family-owned entities.
Evolving Brentwood company focuses fresh capital on latest acquisition, divests once flagship business
Updates on ICA, iPayment, Tractor Supply, Solar Institute interest, Stimulus, Tech competition, and Med-devices firms...
With former VC hired to lead program, grant for entrepreneurship helps flesh-out tech-development ecosystem
[UPDATED] The Governor's proposal for a Solar Institute, despite pressing fiscal and economic priorities, is an attempt to seize momentum
By enlisting a squad of scientists based here, this California firm has created a pathway of its own into Nashville's fledgling biotechnology community
State official offers tantalizing hints of impending cap-investment announcements, and mentions direct talks with a VC
Middle Tennessee's next sci-tech business park may be located in Wilson County
Waiting for the economy's turn, this VC keeps it real by focusing on performance, processes and pairing-up golfers
In a much-anticipated announcement, TCRS announces the identity of the man who will be the fund's first private-equity investment director
The stakes for hospitals are high and rising, amid disasters and other incidents, and two tech-driven Nashville companies respond
UPDATED - A change at the helm of the Treasurer's office could mean changes in management of the state's new private-equity investments
Amid an awful economy and with the dust from their last scrape still in the air, the State and some business interests may be squaring-off, once again
North Carolina deal-flow prospector says his firm is focusing more attention on Music City
With a nod to Nashville VCs, this Memphis fund manager sees plenty of targets of opportunity
Amid a bear economy and with expensive promises to keep, Vanderbilt relies on continuity in ranks
This Maine private equity and LBO executive knows up-close and personal what it takes to survive and innovate
If it were football, we'd say the Governor wants to see what his economic-development team can do with 2 minutes left, in the Red Zone
This is one foundation that's been a venture from the start, 'bringing good people and good causes together'
Tennessee Technology Development Corporation has a great gameplan, but the clock is ticking for policymakers, VCs, scientists and entrepreneurs
The Pitt Hyde-founded life-sciences investor will soon be on the prowl again, in a target-rich marketplace of down-valued companies
Nashville-based investor's fourth asset may prove to be a casualty of the economic crisis
Local transactions players snapped-up by a California firm with private-equity heavyweights. By Milt Capps
TTDC presses ahead on numerous fronts, with a deadline looming just over the horizon, amid a rough economy, and political changes
Given the vagaries of global markets, TCRS pension funds and other assets that are managed in service to employers of government workers and educators enjoy close tending by heavy-hitters
Veteran healthcare leader and venture-capitalist joins youthful advocates for a fresh, and aggressive look at health care reform
Governor's trade mission to broaden ties to German manufacturer and suppliers finds VW resolute in its Tennessee plans
Under shareholder pressure, healthcare picture-management firm Emageon finds safe harbor with a health IT firm based in Tampa
Even with $600MM, Pharos confronts investors' expectations and portfolio-companies' ripple-down challenges
This private-equity funded Brentwood firm aims to make healthcare organizations transparent for management teams under pressure for quality and performance
UPDATED Oct. 9 0925 - For the moment, the Pension fund is proroceeding with recruitment that could improve returns on TCRS portfolio
TTDC lands prominent healthcare CEO, scientist and policy influential to help navigate the shores of business, academe and government
Bredesen Administration and its allies believe there's no time like the present to push forward with e-health information, encouraging businesses to spawn on the infohighway.
Overseers look for 'best proposals', VCs press case for homegrown jobs and investment, while FONCE uncertainty continues
He'll keep his hand in deal flow, but now he's jazzed about finding talent to reinforce venture-backed companies or breathe life into technology players
LBMC embraces the rise of private-equity-owned companies by hiring someone with both operating and consulting experience.
Claritas appreciates recognition for its early-stage investing, but the Nashville VC wants more Tennessee funds to join the party
State pension fund is hiring equities director, developing investment policy and will seek advice on targeting a portion of TCRS' $32 billion
Gov. Phil Bredesen's eHealth initiatives have gained some national attention, and several milestones are approaching.
Angels, VCs from near and far: Nashville gets a look inside another hot health technology sector, which some think will be driven by M&A activity for years to come.
There are no 'weathervanes' among these folks. Defining 'institutional', a caution about egos, and a reminder that sounds a lot like 'Dance with the one that brung ya'
While VCs, the Feds and others watch with interest, an industry that couldn't spell 'hospitalist' ten years ago may get its next big lift from a California transplant that's relying heavily on Nashville's healthcare 'DNA'.
Are 'Radio Days' back? The capital crunch has hit this Nashville-based media roll-up, which aims to take a page from the consolidation playbook of Clear Channel and other giants